The earliest report of a monster associated whit the vicinity of Loch Ness appears in the Life of st. Columba by Adomna'n, written in the 7th century. According to Adomna'n, writing about a century after the events he described, The irsh monk Saint Columba was staying in the land of the Picts whit his companions when he came across the locals burying a man by the River Ness. They explained that the man had been swimming the river when he was attacked by a "water beast" that had mauled him and dragged him under. They tried to rescue him in a boat, but were only able to drag up his corpse. Hearing this. Columba stunned the Picts by sending his follower Luigne moccu Min to swim across the river. The beast came after him, but Columba made the sign of the cross and commanded:" Go no further. Do not touch the man. Go back at once." The beast immediatley halted as if it had been"pulled back whit ropes" and fleed in terror, and both Columbas men and the pagan Picts praised god for the miracle.
Surgeon`s photograph(1934)EditSurgeon`s photograph was the first photo and only photographic evidence of a" head and neck"- all the others are humps or disturbances. Dr. Wilson claimed he was looking at the loch when he saw the monster, so grabbed his camera and snapped five photos. After the film was developed, only two exposures were clear. The first photo(the most famous one) shows what was claimed to be a small head an bac. The second one, a blurry image, attracted publicity because it was difficult to interpret what was depicted. The image was revealed as a hoax in 1994
"Big expedition"of 1970Edit
During the so-called "Big expedition" of 1970,Roy Mackal, a biologist who taught for 20 years at the University of Chicago, devised a system of hydrophones(underwater microphones)and deployed them atintervals troughout the loch. In early August a hydrophone assembly was lowered into Urquheart Bay and anchored in 700 feet(210m) of water.Two hydrophones were secured at depths of 300 and 600 feet(180m). After two nights of recording, the tape was retrived and played before an excited LNPIB."bird-like chirps"had beed recorded, and the intensity of the chirps on the deep hydrophone suggested they had been produced at greater depth. In October"knocks" and "clicks"were recorded by another hydrophone in Urquheart Bay, indicative of *echolocation.These sounds were followed by a"turbulent swishing"suggestive of the tail locomotion of a large aqatic animal.The knocks,clicks and resultant swishing were belived were the sounds of an animal echo-locating prey before moving in for the kill. The noises stopped whenever craft passed along the surface of the loch near the hydrophone, and resumed once the craft reached a safe distance. In previous experiments,it was observed that call intensities were greatest at dephts less than 100 feet(30m). Member of the LNPIB decided to attempt communication whit the animals producing the calles by playing backpreviously recorded calles into the water and listening via hydrophone for results, witch varied greatly.At times the calling patterns orintensities changed,but sometimes there was no change at all.
Mackal noted that there was no similarity between the recordings and the hundreds of known sounds produced by aquatic animals."more specifically,"he said"competent authorities state that noneof the known forms of life in the loch has the anatomical capabilities of producing such calles".